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CALL FOR EXPRESSIONS OF INTEREST TO UNDERTAKE AN EVALUATION IN AFGHANISTAN
medica mondiale is a non-governmental organisation based in Cologne, Germany. As a feminist women’s rights and aid organisation medica mondiale supports women and girls in war and crisis zones throughout the world. Through own programmes and in cooperation with local women’s organisations we offer holistic support to women and girl survivors of sexualised and gender based violence. On the political level, we pro-actively promote women’s rights, call for a rigorous punishment of crimes as well as effective protection, justice and political participation for survivors of violence. Currently medica mondiale is working in Northern Iraq/Kurdistan, in Afghanistan, in Liberia, in Kosovo, in Bosnia and Herzegovina as well as the African Great Lakes Region.
We are looking for a female SHORT-TERM CONSULTANCY TEAM to develop and conduct the final evaluation of the project: “Awareness. Access. Advice. Advocacy. Assertion. Legal and social protection and empowerment of Afghan women and girls in Kabul and Mazar-e Sharif” in Afghanistan. Institutions and/or consultant teams are invited to submit an application for this consultancy.
The project shall be evaluated along the lines of OECD-DAC criteria and with special attention to the stress and trauma sensitive approach used, to any progress barriers for the project and to management policy impact, amongst other points.
We also welcome proposals with remote evaluation models.
Tentative time plan:
Tender of evaluation : July/August 2017
Selection of evaluators/ preparation /inception phase: September 2017
Data collection Period, remotely and/or in Afghanistan: October 2017
Reporting: November 2017
Please email your application (CV in English, cover letter and references not exceeding 2MB) including your package proposal (technical, methodological and financial offer), and information concerning your availability with the subject “Evaluation Afghanistan LAP ” 7th August 2017 by 9am to:
In case of questions regarding the evaluation and the project please contact firstname.lastname@example.org
We highly appreciate team applications and also consider the possibility of involving multiple teams. The budget for the evaluation including travel costs, accommodation etc. should not exceed 20.000 € in total.
We will not send any acknowledgement of receipt of the documents you have submitted. Only short listed / successful candidates will be contacted. Please note also that the BMZ has to agree on the selection of evaluators and TOR.
To ensure that the evaluation draws a balanced picture we would like to contract an evaluation team consisting of an international female expert and a national or regional female expert with the following expertise:
• A strong understanding and experience in evaluation methodology and practice with experience in team work
• Experience in qualitative (storytelling, MSC, etc.) but also in quantitative sociological research methods and practice, if applicable also with remote evaluation models
• Experience in and sound knowledge of advocacy, legal- and social protection in the field of violence against women mainly in conflict regions and especially in Afghanistan
• Strong background and working experience in the above mentioned topics as evaluator
• Excellent and proven report writing and verbal communication skills in English, German would be an asset.
• National/Regional evaluator with excellent communication skills in dari/farsi languages.
• Experience with evaluating projects funded by the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) would be an asset
One consultant will be the main responsible person to medica mondiale and will take the lead responsibility for methodology, process and reporting. This consultant will also ensure that the evaluation team and also interpreters will act in a trauma sensitive way. Team applications are most welcome.
Additionally, each consultant must prove she has participated in a security training for travels in war risk countries / crises areas. Otherwise, such training has to be absolved prior to departure to the mission country
• Flexible, creative and innovative
• Excellent analytical skills
• A clear commitment to work with a women centred and empowering approach
• High cultural sensitivity; high degree of cross-cultural competence and diversity perspective
Further information on medica mondiale can be found on the website: www.medicamondiale.org
Further information on Medica Afghanistan can be found on the website: www.medicaafghanistan.org
Background of Project „ 5 Pillars to build Women’s Rights: Awareness. Access. Advice. Advocacy. Assertion. Legal and social protection and empowerment of Afghan women and girls in Kabul and Mazar-e Sharif”
Overall objective (impact): Contributing to the improvement of the legal and social protection of Afghan women/girls survivors of sexual and gender based violence (S)GBV.
Project goal 1 (outcome): Afghan women and girls affected by (S)GBV in Kabul and Mazar-e Sharif are strengthened through trauma and gender sensitive legal and social services.
Project goal 2 (outcome): The use of legal provisions for the prevention of (S)GBV in families and legal provisions for strengthening the rights of women/girls survivors of violence is increased.
• The target group consists of about 1800 women and girls affected by (S)GBV in Kabul and Mazar-e Sharif as well as their children and families, who are in conflict with the law and/or affected by violence within the family.
Measures to achieve the objectives include:
• Practical application of EVAW by lawyers during representation in civil and other criminal cases in Kabul and Mazar-e Sharif
• Legal counseling and support of affected women in Kabul and Mazar-e Sharif
• Awareness raising activities in Kabul and Mazar-e Sharif
• Conversations with the police at 25 police departments (different districts in Kabul and Mazar-e Sharif) to improve the referral system
• Data analysis, reporting and recommendations for the development and application of EVAW are made and published annually
• Development and implementation of a quality assurance system of Medica Afghanistan’s legal services
• Participation in DOWA (Department of Women Affairs) network meetings, CPAN (Child Protection Action Network) and Afghanistan Women’s Network Lobby coordination meetings with relevant stakeholders
• Conversations with public institutions in Kabul and Mazar-e Sharif such as the national GBV Sub Cluster that supports the prevention of violence. Medica Afghanistan is responsible for the coordination of the activities in the northern region.
Project sub-goals with targets
Sub-goals (Output) Indicators
1) Legal counseling: 1300 women and girls in jail, custody and juvenile detention; police offices of the commission for domestic violence, family courts, mediation facilities, the Ministry of Women Affairs and the justice department in Kabul and Mazar-e Sharif are enabled to make informed decisions. According to experiences of MA most women and girls affected by violence and/or in conflict with the law in Kabul and Mazar-e Sharif are not informed about their legal rights and options.
Target :1300 women and girls affected by violence and/or in conflict with the law have been informed about their legal rights and options.
95% state they are satisfied with this service.
2) Education about rights:
250 clients who participated in psycho-social counseling groups know their legal rights (e.g. related to Maher , alimony, separation, raising/educating children, inheritance and other important regulations of Sharia law). According to experiences of MA most women and girls in Kabul and Mazar-e Sharif who participate in psycho-social counseling have problems that can be solved with the help of the law, but are not informed about their legal rights and options for alternative actions.
Target:50% of the participants of legal education state they are better informed and better able to claim their legal rights.
3) Family mediation: 600 women and girls in Kabul and Mazar-e Sharif have solved family disputes through professional mediation. According to experiences of MA many family conflicts in Kabul and Mazar-e Sharif result in violence against women because there is a lack of support for alternative solutions.
Target:75% of mediation clients who have received the services provided by MA achieve an agreement.
80% of MA’s clients who have received legal support use the social services provided by MA.
4) Legal representation of women in civil cases: access to trauma-sensitive legal representation is assured for 370 women/girls affected by domestic violence in family or civil disputes in Kabul and Mazar-e Sharif According to experiences of MA women and girls in Kabul and Mazar-e Sharif seldom receive support by trauma-sensitive female lawyers in cases of violence in the family.
Target:69 % of the cases are decided in favor of MA clients.
75% of cases are decided within the time period set by Afghan law.
89% of the clients state they are satisfied with the representation by MA lawyers and with the judgment.
5) Criminal defense: 230 detained, legally charged or convicted women and girls in Kabul and Mazar-e Sharif affected by (S)GBV receive trauma-sensitive legal defense for the complete time of the lawsuit. According to experiences of MA in Kabul and Mazar-e Sharif women/girls who were accused of “crimes of customs” were in fact raped or forced into prostitution. Only very few female lawyers are appropriately qualified and ready to assist them.
Target:40% of MA’s clients are already released from detention during investigations or the first court trial.
75% of MA’s clients receive a fair (as assessed by the lawyers) and reasoned judgment.
In 60% of MA’s client cases a commuted sentence is achieved before a second court (court of appeal, high court).
55% of the cases are decided within the time period set by Afghan law.
6) Criminal procedures in which women sue perpetrators are monitored officially by an EVAW department According to a governmental report out of 3396 cases country-wide, from 03/2012-03/2013, that are criminal offenses according to EVAW, only 518 (11,5%) were handled legally handled and only 361 resulted in a sentence for the perpetrator.
Target:About 35 clients win before court and are thus able to realize their rights.
MA’s lawyers are able to convince public prosecutors to apply EVAW in these cases, and the perpetrators are sentenced.
7) Social services and follow-up support: 150 women and girls in Mazar-e Sharif and Kabul were able to re-integrate into their families after release from detention; 370 women and girls were able to re-unite with their families after disputes or were able to return to their relatives after divorce.
According to experiences of MA, family conflicts in Kabul and Mazar-e Sharif often lead to the abandonment, more acts of violence or even the murder of women/girls who do not receive external support.
50% of women/girls released from jail, custody or juvenile detention receive support for safe re-integration into their families.
75% of the clients report a satisfactory reconciliation between family members after mediation.
70% of women/girls who receive legal representation, civil rights counseling or mediation, are supported via phone or visited at home after the legal decision or after family mediation.
87 % of the women/girls report a decreased of tension and violence in the family.
65 % of the clients state they were able to reach an agreement with family members about their rights.
8) Quality assurance: Medica Afghanistan develops and implements a replicable Quality Assurance System (QAS) for standard for legal aid services. A database and files of clients are available but the monitoring instruments for services of MA have not been coherently and completely developed yet.
Target: The QAS is applied in the current project. The consultation reports contain a documentation of the QAS. Closing the project, QAS annual reports for two years are available that evidence the increased implementation of the QAS.
9) Advocacy for a reform of the Afghan Family Law: Until summer 2017 relevant representatives of the Ministry of Justice show a change in awareness regarding women’s rights and a respective reform of family law has been achieved. The Ministry of Justice has been hesitant for several years to agree to a reform of the Family Law that could clearly improve the status of women/girls.
Target:Closing the project, the Family Law has been reformed and includes regulations that improve the legal status of women/girls.
10) Advocacy for the realization of EVAW for ending violence against women: The realization of EVAW is supported through its active application and dissemination of successful procedures. The EVAW law still remains widely unknown and/or is disregarded by police and judicial institutions. 2012 MA lawyers only enabled EVAW application in 6,5% of their cases, in 2013 in 7,6% of their cases.
Target: The 2015 report about the realization of EVAW shows an application in 8% of the cases, the 2016 report an application in 9% of the cases.
3. Scope of Work
Final evaluation of the project. As part of the evaluation, different project sites will be visited or evaluated using an adequate remote evaluation model.
Assessment – DAC evaluation criteria
The evaluation shall include a performance assessment based on the DAC criteria and provide feasible lessons learned for future programming. Evaluation questions will be developed in order to assess the following areas:
1. Relevance: Were the project approach /strategy and the services provided by the organization suitable for the situation and the needs of the different target groups? What can be stated about the relevance of the intervention strategy/methodology/activities implemented to contribute to build women’s rights in the Afghan society?
2. Effectiveness: What can be stated about the effectiveness of the project and the approach of Medica Afghanistan? Which measures were particularly effective, which weren’t? What internal and external factors inhibited or promoted the achievement of specific goals and program progress? To what extent were the project goals and its subgoals and its indicators achieved ? What were the major factors influencing the achievement or non-achievement of the project goals?
3. Efficiency: What can be stated about the efficiency of the project ? Were objectives achieved on time? Was the project implemented in the most efficient way compared to alternatives? What can be stated about the cost effectiveness of the project? Are the chosen
implementation mechanisms conducive for achieving the expected results?
4. Impact: What can be stated about the impact of the project? To what extent has the project contributed to the improvement of the legal and social protection of Afghan women/girls survivors of sexual and gender based violence (S)GBV ? To what extent has the project contributed to building women’s rights in Afghanistan? What are short and long term impacts of the services provided by Medica Afghanistan at the individual, societal and political levels? What real difference has the activity made to the beneficiaries? What can be stated about intended and unintended changes
5. Sustainability: What can be stated about the sustainability of the project ? How has sustainability been realised at these different levels? To what extent will the benefits of the project continue after donor funding ceased? What are /were the major factors which influenced the achievement or non-achievement of sustainability of the project?
The implementation of the project’s goals / sub-goals and its indicators shall be analyzed and assessed. Lessons learned from the project implementation shall be derived to inform and improve the development of future programming and organizational structure and strategy. Regarding any major issues and problems affecting progress, recommendations shall be made and action points identified. Necessary feasible recommendations shall be provided and be addressed to different recipients.
Key questions of the evaluation
Further key questions of this evaluation are:
• What can be stated about the implementation of a stress- and trauma-sensitive approach for legal aid services? What has proven to be successful, what has not? What is the added value for the beneficiaries and also for MA?
• How is MA’s legal counseling different from legal counseling by other organizations?
• What can be stated about mediation? To what extent can partiality for women be realized? What are challenges and chances of mediation for women in the Afghan context?
• What can be stated about the internal referral system, which synergies are used?
• What can be stated about the implementation and effects of management policies and procedures that have been developed in this project?
The findings, the derived conclusions and recommendations should be answered in an extra chapter in the final report
The final methodology will be defined and agreed upon in close cooperation with medica mondiale and Medica Afghanistan during the preparation and before the field phase of the evaluation. This ensures transparency. We also welcome remote evaluation models. Furthermore, the dialogue is important to achieve “ownership” of the evaluation and with this acceptance of the evaluation results. At the same time, the basis for collaboration with the evaluation team is formed. In general, a trauma-sensitive way of working is important to us in this context and standards in working with survivors of sexualized violence should be applied.
The evaluation team should use a multi mixed design, using quantitative and qualitative data. The design should be based on a participatory approach and at the same time strongly incorporate “learning”:
1. Desk review and analysis of documentation – available reports and other documents shall be analyzed and the methodology further refined. For preparation purposes, initial Skype and phone interviews with all involved stakeholders shall take place before the field phase. The project shall already be involved during the preparation. Project documents of the project partners shall be secured and analyzed. A planning meeting shall take place in Cologne.
2. Interviews and focus group discussions shall take place with women and girls of the target group and staff of Medica Afghanistan. Additionally, storytelling interviews with selected members of the target group and interviews with other relevant stakeholders such as local institutions shall be conducted.
3. Workshop with all relevant stakeholders shall be conducted to present and discuss the preliminary evaluation results and to present the initial recommendations. This workshop is an essential component in the evaluation process on site. Possible follow-up steps and actions can be discussed and a learning process takes place that is moderated by the evaluation team.
4. Data triangulation / analysis are conducted in order to interpret the results and write the report.
5. Outputs and Deliverables
• The evaluation team is expected to compile an Inception report with the final specified methodology, evaluation matrix, analysis methods, data collection instruments and work plan.
• The evaluation team is expected to give a presentation of preliminary findings and recommendations to Medica Afghanistan at the end of the field evaluation phase. The discussions and results of this “initial findings sharing workshop” with Medica Afghanistan have to be included in the evaluation process and its report.
• The evaluation team is expected to compile a draft report in English 14 days after return from the evaluation mission which has to be shared first with Medica Afghanistan.
• After their feedback the draft report has to be shared with medica mondiale and Medica Afghanistan
• A presentation of the findings and recommendations to medica mondiale in Cologne, this can be done also via Skype
• The evaluation team is expected to compile the final report (60 pages max. excluding appendix) after feedback for the draft report through medica mondiale and Medica Afghanistan. Quality criteria for report will be provided.
• An assessment of the project according to the quality principles/features of medica mondiale (assessment grid will be provided)
• A summary of the evaluation report for the website of medica mondiale
Organisation medica mondiale