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Value Chain Documentation Cambodia

Terms of Reference (TOR) for Documentation of Value Chains for Evaluation of EU funded Non State Actors (NSA) and Local Authorities in Development in Country Interventions – Cambodia

Concern Worldwide was awarded a two year grant from EU aimed at Strengthening Community Development and Local Governance in Pursat Province. The project runs from January 2011 to December 2012. The project’s overall objective is: To support the achievement of Cambodia’s MDG 1 (eradicate extreme poverty and hunger) through participatory community development processes. The specific objective is: To promote the development interests of the poorest in 100 villages in Pursat province and increase their representation and participation in the development process.

The expected results are:
R 1: The poorest have a voice in their communities and have effectively participated in the Local Planning Process within the government’s framework of the National Programme Sub-National Democratic Development (NP-SNDD).
R 2: Community based institutions have increased their capacity to support livelihood improvements of their members.
R 3: Target communities have developed community based social safety net mechanisms to support the poorest households during critical food hunger periods.
R 4: LNGO partners have improved capacity to resource and implement community development initiatives.

Result 1 activities include awareness-raising of Village Associations and communities, supporting attendance at Commune and District councils, preparing village priority plans for Commune Investment Plan, and raising voice of poor through commune/district forums.

Result 2 activities include DRR action planning, rehabilitation of small scale irrigation systems, improvements in integrated farming systems and rice cultivation, distribution of financial support, support for community forestry, and promotion of business activities.

Result 3 activities include rice banks and cash for work.

Result 4 activities include capacity building on Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation (PM&E), government policy, co-operative development, meeting facilitation, DRR, HIV&AIDS, equality, and accountability.

The project is implemented through four local NGO partners all based in Pursat Province, namely Anakot Kumar (AK), Environment Protection and Development Organisation (EPDO), Ponlue Komar (PK), and Support Association for Rural Farmers (SARF). All four partners conducted value chain constraints analysis in the final quarter of 2011. All four analysed constraints in chicken production, with SORF also analysing constraints to rattan production.

A mid-term review took place in January 2012. One of the recommendations under “Economy and Efficiency ” was “to carry out much more economic analysis of inputs and outputs from income generating activities. This includes the documentation of value chains which have been created in practice by beneficiaries”.

A decision was made in February 2012 that Concern would exit fully from Cambodia by 2013. The outputs of this consultancy will therefore also be shared with other agencies that will possibly take over the work that Concern has done in Cambodia to date.

Consultancy Purpose
The purpose of this consultancy is to identify and document positive and simple examples of value chains, focusing at a village level segment of the value chain. It is intended that these examples will be shared by the consultant with Concern Cambodia and its partners so that they learn how to develop and exploit value chains for the remainder of the project and beyond the project end. These examples will also be used as part of the EU NSA end of project evaluation as evidence of converting project efficiency to effectiveness .

Intended target audience
 Internal to project: This document will be used internally by Concern Cambodia and its partners to improve the quality of its value chain work. The results will also be discussed with and shared with beneficiaries and provincial government stakeholders.
 Internal to Concern: Copies will also be provided to Concern Worldwide Head Office for sharing with other Concern country offices.
 Donor: It will be shared with the project donor, EU, as part of its upward accountability commitments.
 External stakeholders: This document will feed into the EU NSA project evaluation results, which will be available to the development community within Cambodia at the end of 2012. The consultancy output will also be available to other agencies within Cambodia to whom Concern may hand over its existing operations.

Suggested Value Chains
“Value chains encompass the full range of activities and services required to bring a product or service from its conception to sale in its final markets—whether local, national, regional or global. Value chains include input suppliers, producers, processors and buyers. They are supported by a range of technical, business and financial service providers.” This consultancy will however concentrate on value chain segments that are located at village level.

The following potential value chains were identified for potential mapping and documentation during the MTR (list to refined and shortened before consultancy starts):

 Rice cultivation
 Pig Raising
 Chicken Raising
 Rattan weaving
 Aquaculture
 Small Shops
 Duck Raising
 Market linkages through product exhibitions
 Market Coordination Teams (MCTs)

 Appropriate value chains will be identified by Concern and its partners prior to this consultancy (number to be determined).
 Desk based review of documents and preparation;
 Development of interview tools, including questions for key informant interview and Focus Group Discussions, which should be approved by Concern’s FIM advisor and FIM Program Manager ahead of the field work.
 Village visits (2-3 villages per partner, with a total of 8-12 villages visited) will be conducted by the consultant for write-up, answering the following questions:
1) What are the steps in the production process, from the start to the point when the product is sold to outside the village;
2) At each stage, what are the inputs and outputs and what value is created;
3) At each stage, what are the costs, sales, and profit margins;
4) How many households are involved at each stage;
5) What is the overall volume of production at household and village level;
6) Who buys the produce, what are the prices;
7) What is the potential to sell more of the product;
8) What are the challenges and constraints faced at each stage of the value chain and how they can be dealt with.

Concern staff and partners will accompany the consultant on these village visits so that they can learn from them how to identify and develop value chains on the ground.

 A two day training workshop will be held after the field work with Concern and its partners to formally teach them how to identify, develop, and exploit value chains going forward. Representatives from Ministry of Rural Development, Ministry of Interior and Council for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) will also be invited to the workshop.

 A report (max. 20 pages in length) containing:
o A one page executive summary;
o Summary of methodology used;
o Clear case studies of value chains found within the EU NSA project answering the questions given within the methodology section;
o Set of clear recommendations on how to develop and exploit value chains for the remainder of the project.
 Training workshop with Concern and partners on how to:
o Identify, develop and exploit value chains based on the examples found from the EU NSA project.
o Document such value chains within their quarterly case studies, based on suggested key questions. These case studies will be used as part of the evaluation end-line.

It is suggested that this work will require a total of 14 days and that it would take place in July 2012. An in-country consultant is preferred.

The draft report is to be submitted by within one week of the workshop, and the final report within four weeks of submission of the draft report.

Lines of communication
The consultant will report directly to the Country Director. They will liaise closely with the Program Director, National FIM advisor, FIM Programme Manager for Pursat Province, and the M&E Manager.

Interested consultants should send a CV and a maximum one page cover letter (which includes details of their daily rate and their previous value chain experience) to Concern Phnom Penh office at PO Box 485, #36 Street 352, Boeung Keng Kang 1, Phnom Penh, Cambodia or by e-mail to The closing date for applications is Tuesday 27 March 2012.

Concern is an equal opportunity employer. In our drive to have a balanced workplace, we particularly encourage women to apply.

Organisation Concern Worldwide

Country Cambodia